【人教版初一英语七年级上册教案1】Unit 8 When is your birthday

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【人教版初一英语七年级上册教案1】Unit 8 When is your birthday[X00528]

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Unit 8 When is your birthday?

一、单元教材分析

本单元主要学习日期的表达方式。本单元主要围绕谈论日期这一话题开展听、说、读和写的学习活动,学习序数词的构成以及运用序数词表示日期的方法;学会运用 when 引导的特殊疑问句询问日期;通过学习能掌握英语表达年、月、日的单词和句型,能够熟练地谈论各种有关日期的话题。此外,还要学习名词所有格 ( 's 所有格 ) 的构成和使用;学习询问表达年龄的句型。能够询问及表达一些常见的节日的日期。

二、单元学情分析

本单元的主题是询问和谈论日期,围绕这一主题进行一系列的交际活动,使学生掌握日期的表达法,正确使用 when 引导的特殊疑问句对日期进行询问。在学习日期的表达法时要先学习序数词的构成,学生在以前的课程里已经学习了基数词,对于两种数词之间的区别一定会令学生感到头痛,教师要引导学生运用对比的方法,找出构成规律,总结特殊变化,对比强化记忆。

三、单元教学建议

采用自主学习、小组合作探究、 Classifying Contrasting Role—playing 的学习策略,利用教学图片、幻灯片、实物 ( 大挂历、日历 ) 或制作课件 ( 反映月份特征,课内外活动 ) 等来展开课堂教学、 Pairwork 问答式的口语交际活动或游戏等小组活动,进行 询问和谈论日期 的课堂教学和练习。本单元的教学法建议:语音教学——让学生进行模仿操练;词汇教学——采取情景介绍或演示对比的方式进行教学,让学生在情境中操练、理解含义.并学会运用;口语教学——采取 pairwork 问答式的口语交际活动或游戏等小组活动互相操练;听力教学——采取图文配对和对话选择的方式;写作教学——以填词、回答问题、写简单的短文为主;语法教学——总结规律、抓住特征、模仿操练。

四、单元课时分

本单元可用4课时完成教学任务:

Section A 1 (1a-2e) 1课时

Section A 2 (Grammar focus-3c) 1课时

Section B 1 (1a-2c) 1课时

Section B 2 (3a-Self check) 1课时

 

Section A 1 (1a-2e)

一、教学目标:

1. 语言知识目标:

1) 能掌握下列词汇:when, January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December 

2) 能掌握以下句型:

  When is your birthday? My birthday is on October 2nd.

  When is Alice's birthday? It's in September.

How old are you?            I'm thirteen.  

④ —Happy birthday!              Thank you!

3) 能够掌握日期的询问与表达方式;

4) 能通过谈论自己、同学以及父母家人的生日,理解生日更多的含义。

2. 情感态度价值观目标:

该部分的学习内容贴近学生的生活,谈论的话题是生日。通过互相询问生日的日期,可以增进同学之间的了解和友情并学会在英语交流中注意他人的情感。

二、教学重难点

1. 教学重点:

1) 询问表达他人、自己及父母家人的生日日期。

2) 理解序数词的构成方法,掌握日期的表达方式。

3)就生日聚会这一话题分角色表演对话。

2. 教学难点:

1) 询问表达他人、自己及父母家人的生日日期。

2) 理解序数词的构成方法,掌握日期的表达方式。

三、教学过程

. Warming-up and revision

 1. Greet the Ss as usual. Check the homework.

2. Review the numbers 0 ~ 31 in English.

. Presentation

(Sing the song "Happy birthday to you". ) 

1. T: When is my birthday? My birthday is on May 2nd. When is your birthday? This class, we'll learn how to express dates.

(Show the pictures of the twelve months on the screen, or show a big calendar to the Ss. Learn the names of the twelve months: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December )

2. Work on 1a. Play the recording for the Ss to listen and repeat the new words. Ss read the new words and try to remember them. 

(采用方法:教师先领读,然后男生读,女生读,链式读,给出汉语说英语,给出英语说汉语,最后跟读正音。紧凑的教学环节使学生能够全身心的投入学习中。)

3. T: My birthday is in May. It's on May 2nd.  When we talk about months, we use "in"; When we talk about dates, we use "on".

e.g.

in January/February/March/ April/May/June/July/August/September/October/

November/December

on January 1st. on February 2nd, on March 3rd …

讲解:first (1st), second (2nd), third (3rd)这些叫序数词,表示事物的顺序,在表达日期时用序数词。序数词的构成是有规律的,它们是由基数词变化而来,我们先记住下列口诀:

基变序,有规律,一、二、三特殊记,词尾字母t, d, d

-th 四加起,八少t来九去e   (从4起在词尾加th

vef替,y要变ie。若想表示几十几,只变个位就可以。

 

 

 

 

 

4. Ss read and try to remember the phrases.

5. T: When is your birthday, S1?

  S1: My birthday is on March 4th.

  T: OK, S2. When is his birthday?

  S2: His birthday is on March 4th.

6. Ss read the conversation after the teacher. Then practice the conversation with the partner.

. Listening

1. T: Listening to the conversations in 2b and number them [1-3]. 

(Play the recording for the Ss to listen and number.)

2. Check the answers. 

. Pair work

   1. T: Practice the conversations above with your partner. 

   2. Make a survey about the birthdays in your group.

S1: When is your birthday?

S2: My birthday is January 5th. When is your birthday, S3?

S3: My birthday is on May 16th. When is your birthday, S4?

S4: …

3. Write the birthdays on the chart.

  Name

Birthday

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

. Listening

1. T: Look at the chart below. Find out the rules.

2. 规则揭示:(学生记忆下列口诀)

 
 

基变序,有规律,一、二、三特殊记,词尾字母t, d, d

-th 四加起,八少t来九去e   (从4起在词尾加th

vef替,y要变ie。若想表示几十几,只变个位就可以。

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Play the recording for the Ss to listen and repeat.

4. Then let Ss try to remember them.

. Listening

1. T: In 2b, the teacher is asking some Ss about their birthdays. Listen to the recording and circle the numbers you hear in 2a.

 (Play the recording for the first time, Ss only listen. Play the recording again. This time, Ss listen and listen and circle the numbers in 2a)

2. T: In this conversation, the teacher asks four students about their birthdays. Look at the chart below. They are Alice, Frank, Eric, Jane. Now please read the name, months and dates by yourselves.

 (Ss read the names, months and dates.)

3. Now, listen to the recording again and match the names, months and dates.

  (Play the recording again, Ss listen and match the names, months and dates. Then check the answers.)

. Pair work

1. (Ask some Ss about the birthdays of the four students in 2c.

T: When is Alice's birthday, S1?

S1: Her birthday is on September 5th. 

T: When is Frank's birthday, S2

S2: His birthday is on …

T: Now ask and answer about the birthdays of the four students in 2c with your partner.

(Ss work in pairs to ask and answer about their birthdays.) [来源:学科网]

2. Do you know your parents' birthday? Ask your partner about the birthday in his or her family?

S1: When is your father's birthday?

S2: His birthday is on September 10th.

S1: When is your mother's birthday?

S2: Her birthday is on August 20th.

(Then S2 ask S1 about the birthdays in his or her family.)

 . Role-play

 1.  Bill and Alan are talking about their ages and birthdays. Now read the conversation and fill the chart below.

   Name

Age

Birthday (party)

Bill

 

 

Alan[来源:**]

 

at 3 this afternoon

 

2. Check the answers with the class.

3. Practice the conversation with your partner.

4. Let some pairs act out the conversation in front of the class.

5. 评价:(让学生们对自己的表现及语言表达能力进行自我评价,在小组内评价,然后进行评出最优秀的小组。并鼓励学生们下一次争取做最优秀的小组及个人。)

IX. Language points

1. When is your birthday, Linda?

  when是疑问副词,意为什么时候;何时,常见结构为 “When + be/助动词 +主语(+其他)?” 用来询问时间,既可询问某个时段或时刻,也可询问具体的日期。如:

— When is the football match?

     足球比赛在什么时候?

— It’s on September 15th.

     在九月15号。

— When do you watch TV?

     你什么时候看电视?

— At eight o’clock. 在八点钟。

2. My birthday is on May 2nd.

  May 2nd52日)是日期的表达法。表达具体日期通常为月份 + 序数词,月份为专有名词,首字母必须大写、书写时日期可以是序数词,也可以是基数词。如:

68   June 8th June 8

  83  August 3rd  August 3

[拓展] 英语中表示具体年、月、日的方式通常有两种: + + + + 。年份要用逗号隔开。如:

201499日可表达为:September 9th, 2014

9th September, 2014

3. It’s on January 5th.

1) 月份后有具体的日期时,前面的介词用on;若只有年、月就用介词in。如:

   on May 22nd  522                                          in October      10 

   in 2012       2012

2) 该句中的it用来代指时间。如:

   It’s August 1st today.  今天是81日。

   It’s six o’clock now.     现在是6点钟。

[归纳]

it 还可以代指上文中提到的单数名词(事物)。如:

— What’s this in English?                                                                这个用英语怎么说?

— It’s a cup.   这是一个茶杯。

4. Happy birthday! 生日快乐!

  句中的happy用于表达祝愿。回答时一般用 Thank you! 如:

  — Happy Teachers’ Day! 教师节快乐!

  — Thank you. 谢谢。[来源:学科网]

  [拓展] happy还可以用作形容词,意为高兴的,愉快的相当于glad。如:

She has a happy party. 

她过了一个愉快的聚会。

5. How old are you?

  询问及回答年龄。

  how old 意为多大年纪;几岁,引导特殊疑问句询问年龄。其句型结构为“How old + be + 主语?”答语通常为“主语 + be + 基数词 + years old”,其中 years old 可以省略。如:

— How old is your cousin?   表姐多大了?
— She’s thirteen (years old).   13岁了。

— How old are your grandparents?
        
你爷爷奶奶多大岁数了?
  — They’re eighty.                      

     他们八十岁了。

6. At three this afternoon. [来源:Z_xx_k.Com]

  介词 at 意为在……,在本句中表示时间,其后一般跟表示钟点的词。如:

  at 6:00 6       at 7:15  715  

  [辨一辨] 表示时间的介词at, inon

(1) at 常用于时刻前或一些固定的习惯用语中。如:

   at 9:00   9点钟       at noon   在中午

(2) in 用在月份、季节、年份等前面,也可以表示在早上、在下午、在晚上。如:

in May    在五月            

in 2014    2014

in the morning/afternoon/evening

在早上/下午/晚上[来源:学科网ZXXK]

(3) on 用在日期、星期几、节日前,也可用来表示具体某一天的上午、下午或晚上。如:

   on November 1st          111  

   on Children’s Day       在儿童节      

   on Tuesday evening     在周二晚上

Then make some exercises.

Homework:

1. 复习记忆本课所学的生词。

2. 用今天所学的句型,询问一下你的两位好朋友的年龄与生日。

 

 

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